This is the only element in the LHC that can withstand the impact of the full beam.
The block is a cylinder of graphite composite eight meters long and one meter in diameter, which is encased in concrete. As it absorbs the beam energy, it becomes very hot but does not melt. This size allows to spread out the hadronic showers over a large volume.
When it is time to get rid of the beams (also in case of emergency!) , the beams are ‘kicked’ out of the ring by a system of kicker magnets and send into a dump block.
I design electronics for Nuclear Event detectors; the last board that I designed had traces on it aligned within a picosecond of each other.Such physicist measure the elapse of time when a sub-atomic particle is an actual reality, in a trillionth of a second. Which is a picosecond. Consider this: There have been more picoseconds in the last second; than there have been seconds in the the past 31,500 years.
The purpose of research can be a complicated issue and varies across different scientific fields and disciplines. At the most basic level, science can be split, loosely, into two types, 'pure research' and 'applied research'.Humanity better benefit from this with some sort consumer teleportation, time travel, or anti gravity device. This whole Collider thing just seems like an extremely expensive toy just for math/physics nerds to masturbate to :tongue:
A cross of both. The evidence is usually collect by examining the remains of the actual production, just as the Higgs Boson. The key is to identify the exact way "the leaves are rustling", which implies that the "wind is blowing". This is where the statistical data collection becomes paramount. Just as elementary particle production is sometimes not witnessed because they decay too fast, small black holes are predicted to also decay out of existence (evaporate) on their own due to fluctuations in the quantum vacuum, but the decay products (other "more stable" elementary particles with predicted velocities/trajectories/energies), can be easily measured by the ATLAS detector. The great Stephen Hawking "proved" in the 70's a theorem about the laws of Black Hole Dynamics, that curiously were in-parallel with the laws of Thermodynamics---they had the same exact "form", but in the language of black hole quantum mechanics. There is where the possibility that black holes can vanish on their own first came about.I wonder. Do they actually plan to smash particles together with such force that the energy compresses space to such a state that a point of singularity is created? Or will the model somehow mimic the phenomenon, or in some way show evidence of such? Like knowing the wind is blowing 'cause the leaves are rustling. Probably the latter... And some ludicrous math migraines, lol.
Very true. Which also brings about the question of "what is an observation?". We can't see individual electrons nor protons with our own eyes, only other evidence of them, such as kinetic energy and momentum, which are "measurable". I think it's just a matter of [a long] time before we will be able to see (detect) them. There is very much a faith aspect to it all, to believe in the instruments that we have created and trust that they are detecting what we believe they they are detecting.I find the search for the Higgs Boson like String Theory, a matter of Faith and Philosophy. Boson is not observed just believed evidence of what it might have been; String has no way for being tested, proved or disproved. If this is the direction of science how is it any different than religion?
Yes I do like how String theory explains some things.
Well said. :thumbsup:Very true. Which also brings about the question of "what is an observation?". We can't see individual electrons nor protons with our own eyes, only other evidence of them, such as kinetic energy and momentum, which are "measurable". I think it's just a matter of [a long] time before we will be able to see (detect) them. There is very much a faith aspect to it all, to believe in the instruments that we have created and trust that they are detecting what we believe they they are detecting.